Speaker: Dr. Amarpal

Principal Scientist & Head
Division of Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243122

Organized by: Indian Veterinary Association & World Veterinary Association

Sponsored By: vetpms.com

Date: April 20, 2020

Time: 12.00 PM (IST)

Seats: 200

Registration: April 18, 2020,  3.00 PM onward

Our webinar co-ordinator:
1. Dr. Yashpal S.Malik, ICAR-National Fellow,IVRI
2. Dr. Sontakke Umesh Balaji, Zonal Secretary,IVA
3. Dr. Kuldeep Dhama, Principal Scientist,IVRI
4. Dr. Vijaypal Singh, Joint Director,FSSAI, New Delhi

Organized and Supported By

Dr. Chirantan Kadian
President IVA
Councilor WVA
IVA Team11 VCI 2020

Surgical management of urolithiasis in ruminants


Principal Scientist & Head

Division of Surgery, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243122


Urolithiasis is the disease of prime importance in domestic animals all over the world. Animals at a variety of locations and under diverse climatic conditions are affected, but States of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh., Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamilnadu had very high incidence of urolithiasis in India. At international level disease has a common occurrence in North American countries, United Kingdom, Australia, Switzerland, Scotland, Japan and Africa. Protein rich diet, concentrate feeding, UTI, changes brought about by weaning, early age of castration, lower water consumption, deficiency of Vitamin-A, and high water loss during summer are thought to be some of the factors responsible for urolithiasis. Among ruminanats, incidence of urolithiasis is reported to be very high in caprines and bovines. The urinary bladder and urethra are the common sites of calculi lodgment in these animals. Clinical cases of urolithiasis are mostly recorded in male animals. Presence of sigmoid flexure and adherence of urethral process to prepuce in young goats are additional factors that put the male ruminants at a higher risk of obstructive urolithiasis. Adult cattle, male buffalo calves below two years of age and young castrated male goats are commonly affected with obstructive urolithiasis. A high incidence of urolithiasis occurs during winter months and peak summer. When the calculi lodge in the urethra, a pressure develops in the bladder, pro­ducing mild colicky symptoms such as stretching, treading with the rear limbs and occasionally kicking at the abdo­men. The most characteristic sign is an up and down pumping of an elevated tail in bovine. A rectal examination reveals a distended bladder, and calculi may be palpated in the distal flexure. Encrustation on the preputial hair may also be noted. If the blockage persists for long time, either the ure­thra or the bladder will rupture and a fast deterioration in the condition of the animals will be noted. Once a complete obstruction of urine flow has occurred the surgical intervention becomes essential to avert the impending death of the affected animal. The surgical management of urolithiasis includes Urethral process amputation, urethrotomy, urethrostomy, tube cystostomy and cystorrhaphy. Recently developed tube cystostomy with urinary acidification has proved to be most effective technique for the management of obstructive urolithiasis in small ruminants and calves. The technique has been further improvised by standardizing minimally invasive “no scalpel tube cystostomy”. For the management of obstructive urolithiasis in large animals a technique of para-anal tube cystostomy has been found to be effective along with urethrotomy. The lecture will include indications, surgical techniques and complications associated with different surgical techniques used for the management of obstructive urolithiasis in ruminants.

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Organizer: Indian Veterinary Association
Sponsor: vetpms.com